Latest Scientific Research About False Codling Moth (FCM)
Why is False Codling Moth (FCM) dangerous for crops?
False Codling Moth (FCM) is a pest insect that is native to Africa and is a significant threat to the fruit industry. The scientific name of the False Codling Moth is Thaumatotibia leucotreta.
The False Codling Moth primarily attacks citrus fruits, cotton, tomatoes, peppers, and other crops. The larvae of the moth feed on the fruit, causing significant damage to the fruit and rendering it unsellable.
In addition to damaging crops, the False Codling Moth is also a quarantine pest, which means that it is a pest that is subject to regulatory control in order to prevent its spread to other regions. The False Codling Moth has been known to spread rapidly and has caused significant economic losses in areas where it has become established.
To control the False Codling Moth, growers may use integrated pest management strategies that combine cultural practices, such as sanitation and pruning, with biological control and chemical treatments. The use of pheromone traps to monitor and control the moth population has also been effective in some areas.
Foundational Research Papers on False Codling Moth
- Daiber, C. C. 1979. A study of the biology of the false codling moth [Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Meyr.)]: the egg. Phytophylactica 11, 129-132.
- Daiber, C. C. 1979. A study of the biology of the false codling moth [Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Meyr.)]: the larva. Phytophylactica 11, 141-144.
- Daiber, C. C. 1979. A study of the biology of the false codling moth [Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Meyr.)]: the cocoon. Phytophylactica 11, 151-157.
- Daiber, C. C. 1980. A study of the biology of the false codling moth Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Meyr.): the adult and generations during the year. Phytophylactica 12: 187-193.
Research Papers Published after 2020
- Adom, M., Fening, K., Billah, M., Wilson, D., Hevi, W., Clottey, V., Bruce, A. (2021). Pest status, bio-ecology and management of the false codling moth, Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and its implication for international trade. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 111(1), 17-30. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485320000358
- Jimrise, O., Okongo, M. O., & Muraya, M. (2021). Mathematical Modeling of Host - Pest Interactions in Stage-Structured Populations: A Case of False Codling Moth [Thaumatotibia leucotreta]. Journal of Progressive Research in Mathematics, 18(4), 1-21. http://scitecresearch.com/journals/index.php/jprm/article/view/2087
Evaluation of the Likelihood of Establishing False Codling Moth in Other Geographies
- Li, X.; Emery, R.N.; Coupland, G.T.; Ren, Y.; McKirdy, S.J. Evaluation of the Likelihood of Establishing False Codling Moth (Thaumatotibia leucotreta) in Australia via the International Cut Flower Market. Insects 2022, 13, 883. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13100883
- Levi-Zada, A., Fefer, D., Madar, R. et al. Evaluation of pheromone of false codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta in Israel by sequential SPME/GCMS analysis and field trials. J Pest Sci 93, 519–529 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-019-01138-0
- Mohamed, Azza Mohamed Kamal Ahmed, Welfare Impacts Of False Codling Moth Threatening California Oranges (2013). Open Access Dissertations. 83. https://docs.lib.purdue.edu/open_access_dissertations/83